What Are Mandibular Tori?

on the inner side of the lower jaw, below the tongue. These growths, which can vary in size and shape, are usually smooth and painless.

How Do I Know If I Have Mandibular Tori? 

Most individuals with mandibular tori do not experience any symptoms. However, you may have mandibular tori if you notice a bony lump or growth on the inside of your lower jaw. Other signs may include difficulty wearing dentures or an ill-fitting mouthguard, as well as occasional ulceration due to accidental biting or irritation. If you suspect mandibular tori, it’s best to consult your dentist for a proper diagnosis.

When to Consult Your Dentist

Taking action when you spot unfamiliar growths or abnormalities in your mouth is crucial. Symptoms like pain or challenges with dental appliances may warrant an appointment with your dentist.

If you have a history of tori, seek professional advice if you notice changes in the bony growth’s shape, size, or color, or if new growths emerge.

A combination of physical examination and dental X-rays aids dentists in diagnosing mandibular tori and differentiating them from other conditions. Should you experience discomfort, your dentist may refer you to an oral surgeon for suitable treatment options.

What Causes Mandibular Tori?

The exact cause of mandibular tori is still unknown, but several factors contribute to their development. These factors include:

  1. Genetic predisposition: Mandibular tori tend to run in families, indicating a genetic link. Studies conducted on twins have shown a strong correlation between the presence of tori in identical twins.
  2. Gender: There is some debate regarding the influence of gender on mandibular tori. While some sources suggest they are more common in men, others report the opposite.
  3. Trauma: Physical trauma to the jaw may contribute to the development of mandibular tori, although the exact relationship is not fully understood.
  4. Teeth grinding (bruxism): Chronic teeth grinding or clenching can exert stress on the jawbone, potentially leading to the formation of tori.

Prevention, Prognosis, and Management

Unfortunately, it’s not possible to prevent the occurrence of mandibular tori. However, once diagnosed, the condition generally requires no treatment unless it interferes with denture use or oral hygiene practices. If necessary, your dentist may recommend minor surgical procedures to remove or reshape the tori. In most cases, though, mandibular tori can be safely managed through regular dental check-ups and maintaining good oral hygiene.

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